P0401 Buick - Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Insufficient
Repair Importance Level:
Repair Difficulty Level:
- EGR passage clogged
- Faulty EGR Valve
- EGR solenoid valve harness is open or shorted
- EGR solenoid valve circuit poor electrical connection
EGR flow malfunction could be caused by a clogged EGR valve or EGR tube. Before replacing any parts try cleaning the EGR valve, tube and passages.
1997 Buick Century EGR Port Cleaning
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When is the code detected?
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) sets a DTC P0401 when the fail counter exceeds the fail threshold. The number of test samples required to exceed the fail threshold varies according to the magnitude of the detected flow errors.
- Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)
- Possible engine hesitation
P0401 Buick Description
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) tests the EGR system during deceleration by momentarily commanding the EGR valve open. The pressure in the intake manifold increases when the EGR valve is open. The PCM monitors the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor signal during the EGR system diagnostic in order to determine the amount of EGR flow. The PCM calculates an error based on the difference between the actual MAP increase and a predetermined value. The PCM records the error and adjusts an internal fail counter towards the fail threshold if the error is too great.
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